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Fire Response
A fire grows with each passing moment, threatening lives, and destroying property. Extinguishing a fire requires protective clothing, specialized equipment, and a multitude of trained personnel, each with a different job. Here are some of the tasks firefighters do after arrival at a fire:
  • Search and rescue - firefighters search a building for victims and perform rescues.
  • Suppression - armed with a limited supply of air, protection clothing, and hose lines, crews enter a burning building to locate and extinguish a fire. Based on the severity, size, and potential for unsafe structural conditions; crews may be forced to battle the fire from the exterior.
  • Command and safety - a commander oversees the operation and ensures firefighter safety.
  • Ventilation - firefighters cut holes in roofs and remove windows to remove hot gases and smoke so firefighters inside the building can locate and extinguish the fire. Ventilating a building can also provide "good" air for trapped occupants.
  • Rapid Intervention Team - firefighters must stand by to rescue injured or trapped firefighters inside a building.
  • Salvage and overhaul - firefighters minimize damage to personal items by covering or removing them from the building. They also open walls and ceilings to extinguish fires that could later rekindle.
  • Investigation - investigators determine the cause of the fire.
  • Rehabilitation - a crew helps firefighters get rehydrated and cooled down after being inside a building.

Anatomy of a Fire Scene